Norwey pine, red pine, (pinus resinosa).
Morphology: the tree height of 20-30 m and up to 40-60 cm in trunk diameter. Crown broadly conical, open. The bark is furrowed, has a reddish-brown color. The branches grow horizontally, at the ends curved upwards. Shoots orange-brown, the Buds on the ends of the shoots acuminate, to 15 cm long. The needles are dark green, slightly drooping, not very thick, growing to 2 pieces together with a length of 12-16 cm, the needles live for 3 to 4 years. Cones terminal, or 1-2, sessile, 4-6 inches long, conical, light brown. Seeds small, length 3 mm and width 1.5-2 mm, light brown, maturing in December. Wing seed 18-20 mm. Weight of 1000 seeds is 8-10 gr.
Ecology: it prefers sandy or sandy loam, moderately moist soil. A very hardy species. In the harsh winter does not freeze and does not suffer from sunburn. It grows slowly, especially at a young age of 5-7 years, then the growth rate starts to increase and may exceed 50-60 cm per year. In nature individual instances live to be 300-400 years old. In the introduction, in Europe is rare, and mainly as an ornamental breed, morphologically resembles black pine. Almost not damaged by pests and diseases.Grows well and develops in a cool, moderately humid climate within the 3-5 climatic zones. In the dry climate of the steppe zone, or within a moderate negative temperatures in winter, grows poorly, often greatly weakening the immune system resistance to pests and diseases.
Prefers light soil slightly, acidic, but not alkaline soil. It grows well on loamy, sandy, wet or moderately moist, but not heavy and dry soils. On light soils, forms a powerful, widely branched root system, with long and thin roots. Needles turn brown in late fall (has a boreal nature). For good growth requires a large eating area and plenty of sunlight. In the shade from closely growing trees first-order (birch, oak, pine) grows weak, loses decorative. This is an important consideration for the future growth of the breed. Has morphological similarities with black pine, but can grow much further North. There are experienced landing in Nizhny Novgorod region, in Dzerzhinsk city on sandy soils.
Distribution: it grows naturally in Eastern North America, Canada and the USA: in Canada from southeastern Manitoba through Ontario and Quebec to New England and of the island of Newfoundland in the longitudinal direction, and in the U.S. in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, in isolation in Pennsylvania and new York to Maine. Forms pure forest stands and mixed with other deciduous and coniferous trees. It often grows on the shores of lakes, in fresh soil or rocky terrain. On the Sands, forming pure stands. It is the national tree of Minnesota.
Genetics: genetically quite homogeneous, although within the Northern borders of its range it loses the power of growth. Northern ecotypes planted in more southern latitudes, for example in Michigan, grow slower by about 10%. The most productive forests grow in Michigan.
Sources of seed for red pine In our nursery.
1. Northern Minnesota / Red lake